Wednesday, July 27, 2011
Sterling Fluharty on Redistricting in NM: It Is Time To Start Taking Back Seats From Republicans
This is the second of a series of guest posts on redistricting issues by Sterling Fluharty, who lives in Albuquerque and is the owner of Southwest Political Services, which specializes in campaigns, polling, redistricting, lobbying, coalition building and publishing.
Redistricting gives us the chance to put all three of New Mexico's Congressional seats in play for Democrats. But you wouldn't know this was possible if you had attended any of the New Mexico Redistricting Committee meetings this summer. At each meeting Research and Polling has presented its seven proposed congressional maps. The focus has always been on the geographical shifts that would happen with these maps. With the release about a week ago of political performance measures for these maps, it is now apparent that every proposal keeps the southern district safe for Republicans. New Mexico Democrats deserve to take back this congressional seat and need legislative leaders who will pursue this idea.
We Have the Votes
New Mexico weathered the 2010 elections better than any other comparable state. Consider what happened in the last few election cycles. Indiana, North Carolina, Virginia, Ohio, Florida, Iowa, Nevada, New Mexico, and Colorado all voted for Bush in 2004. These are the same states that Obama flipped in 2008. If you add up all of the votes that Republicans and Democrats received in these states during the 2010 U.S. House of Representatives elections, you will find the GOP won the overall House vote in all of these states except for New Mexico.
The Democratic share of votes for Congressional Representatives in New Mexico has increased fairly steadily over the last two decades. In 1990 New Mexico's Democratic candidates for Congress received only 41 percent of the overall vote. By 1996 the Democratic share of our state's congressional vote had increased to 51 percent. When Tom Udall ran unopposed in 2002, this statewide figure soared to 59 percent. Between 2006 and 2008, when each candidate had an opponent in the general election, the proportion of congressional votes (for candidates from major parties) that went to Democrats climbed again from 56 to 59 percent.
We Have Done This Before
Not a single Democrat in New Mexico running for Congress in 2008 received less than 56 percent of the vote. Between 2008 and 2010 every single one of New Mexico's representatives in Congress was a Democrat. Some people might tell you that the Obama phenomenon was what gave us an all-Democrat delegation in Congress. But the truth is that our state was already becoming more blue before New Mexicans ever voted for Obama.
We Need This Before 2022
It was no coincidence that New Mexico started awarding more congressional votes to Democrats than to Republicans shortly after becoming a majority-minority state. In 1990 Anglos comprised 50 percent of the population in New Mexico. Census 2020 will find that Non-Hispanic Whites make up a mere third of the state's population. If New Mexico continues to become blue at the same rate of the past two decades, I estimate the Democratic share of congressional votes in our state will be 66 percent in 2015 and 74 percent in 2020. In a few years from now, if we adopt one of the current congressional proposals, Democrats will realize it was a mistake to keep a congressional seat safe for a Republican.
We Need Better Proposals
Research and Polling estimates in its proposals that a Democrat in the northern congressional district will receive between 57 and 59 percent of the vote. Since Research and Polling's statewide political performance numbers underestimate Democratic performance by a few points, they are actually proposing maps that pack Democrats into the northern district and will initially award at least 60 percent of the vote to Democrats running for Congress. We do not need to waste Democratic votes like that, especially when these extra votes could be used to elect Democrats to Congress in other parts of the state.
We Have a Concept Map
With Dave's Redistricting App, it was relatively easy for me to draft a map of three congressional districts where Democrats could win in New Mexico. In terms of geography, one northern and eastern district would stretch from Farmington to Hobbs, another central district would occupy the space between Albuquerque and Ruidoso, and a third district would traverse western and southern New Mexico from Shiprock to Carlsbad. I have been advocating for this kind of map, both online and in print, for over a month.
The website I used to draw this map includes political performance data that demonstrates each of these proposed districts would be favorable to Democrats. If you try out this feature, take note that it uses the average of New Mexico's 2010 statewide election results, which means its political performance measures are based on a year that wasn't best for Democrats. My post next week, on legislative redistricting, will analyze political performance measures more critically and in more detail.
We Need Your Help
With the $1.5 million our legislature appropriated for redistricting, you would think someone—within the company they hired, the committee they formed, or even legislative leadership—would have realized the need to draft and distribute the kind of map described above. As I have explained, New Mexico keeps becoming more blue and Democratic votes will not be spread too thin between congressional districts if they follow the above concept map. We need you to contact our Democratic legislative leadership within the next week and ask them to instruct Research and Polling to draft a map that will accomplish the goals set out in this blog post. Make sure you tell them that we want this new congressional map presented to the public when their Redistricting Committee comes to Albuquerque and Rio Rancho in the afternoon and evening of August 15th and 16th. Please RSVP on Facebook to join me and our New Mexico State Democratic Party Chair Javier Gonzales the Saturday before, on August 13th from 10:30am to 12:30pm at Kosmos Coffee House, in a discussion of our Democratic strategy for state redistricting and how we can prepare for the 2012 elections. And get ready to hold our legislators accountable with citizen lobbying during the special session for redistricting in September.
This is the second in a series of guest blogs on redistricting by Sterling Fluharty. Click to see his first post.
If you'd like to submit a piece for consideration as a guest blog, contact me by clicking on the Email Me link at the upper left-hand corner of the page.
Just come out and say the word: Gerrymandering. The "concept map" fails both the compactness and communities of interest requirements. Just look at the little fingers that reach into Carlsbad and Farmington, and the puzzle pieces aroung ABQ and Los Alamos.
Posted by: Paul Lindsey | Jul 27, 2011 9:00:40 AM
Redistricting is nothing but a euphemism for gerrymandering period. If you look at the other maps, they are just as arbitrary. It turns out that dividing a geographical area by population is not as fair as it sounds because the district boundaries are arbitrary and determined by whoever is in power at the time.
Whoever is in power at the time of re-shuffle has an opportunity to take advantage. The question is, do the Democrats have the huevos? I doubt it. Only the Republicans play hardball anymore, hence ALL 7 maps that all "protect" the first district for the Republicans.
Who is in power this go around? That is the determining factor as well as the fact that Democrats will not want to appear unseemly in it's Milquetoast way.
Posted by: qofdisks | Jul 27, 2011 11:25:32 AM
Paul Lindsey-Why would the process be otherwise? We have a Republican Party that right now is jeopardizing the nation's credit standing in the world and many other things by taking an insane and unreasonable stand in the Congress for no taxes no matter what. They are doing this after THEY ran up the debt to huge numbers by waging two wars and adding a Medicare drug benefit that rewards Big Pharma at the same time they treated the rich to big tax cuts. Imagine what they would do if they held both legislative houses here as well as the governor!
But there's really nothing to worry about like gofdisks says. The Democrats are too afraid to assert and use power to get their way to do anything but accept Research and Polling's status quo maps.
I agree we should contact the Democratic leadership so they have P and P include a plan like the one Sterling came up with but I don't have much faith they have the balls to do it.
Posted by: Esq | Jul 27, 2011 12:23:15 PM
You make a strong case for fighting for redistricting changes that could turn CD2 back to blue and make CD1 more blue that it is now. With the data you cite I think it's important for our D leaders to fight for this. I hope people speak up.
Posted by: Will | Jul 27, 2011 2:18:32 PM
I am stunned that our elected leaders are not hair on fire to take this fight as far as it can be taken.
Apparently they are not sufficiently impressed that the fever that has taken hold of the Republican Party is creating a death spiral into dimensions of crazy that ordinary folks won't believe until they are trying to understand the resulting catastrophe.
These Republicans have got to be stopped before they get a chance to wreck America. Hell yeah, we should contact our reps.
I don't get why they are apparently asleep at the switch.
Posted by: Stuart Heady | Jul 27, 2011 11:52:17 PM
First of all we can't have legislators like Rod Adair getting paid by counties, including his own to draw the re-districting lines. After he done his best for republicans we were told he would refrain from voting on it. Give me a break. This is not only a blatant conflict of interest but on some levels totally immoral. In my opinion, the State Democratic party has to take a strong stand on this kind of balonie and an even stronger stand on the shenanigans of the Secretary of State's office is doing. We will never elect democrats to anything in New Mexico if we allow republicans with the Karl Rove playbook to demonize and keep good people from voting.
Posted by: Stephanie DuBois | Jul 28, 2011 2:19:49 PM